Tardis now has some IPv6 connectivity. We currently use a 6to4 tunnel to the IPv6 network. Ideally it would be great if we had native IPv6 access through EdLAN but this relies on IPv6 being supported by EdLAN and the Informatics Network.
The we now have a 6to4 tunnel running on ace which provides IPv6 connectivity as well as packet filtering for the rest of the Tardis network. IPv6 autoconfiguation could be then be provided through either Quagga or radvd, though static configuration might be more suited for the time being.
JANET currently supports 4 ways to gain IPv6 connectivity.
- Native IPv6 connections where available
- Manually-configured IPv6 tunnels
- 6to4 tunnels and 6to4 relay
- IPv6 tunnel broker/server
Native IPv6 connection
This is the holy grail of IPv6 connectivity and where everything should eventually end up. The JANET core has been IPv6 enabled for a few years but the regional networks have been a bit slower off the mark. One of the services provided by SuperJANET5 is native IPv6 traffic and this has been identified by both EaStMAN (see here) and EdLAN (see here) as target objectives for 2006/2007.
In November 2008 dcoles spoke to Informatics about IPv6 support and got the following response from Sam (Wilson?):
We have IPv6 prefixes and it's routed on the EaStMAN backbone. We haven't turned it on on EdLAN because there's a whole raft of stuff that isn't ready yet - our admin tools don't handle it, we don't know which of the address formats we should support or encourage, we'd want to tread carefully because when you turn it on on a router interface stuff just starts using it, which can actually cause a loss or degradation of service, and until fairly recently (and there's still an element of this) the protocols and conventions were changing wildly.
We've also held off because of lack of pressure to provide it, but if you or the Tardis crew want to try it out then let us know. We can assign you addresses and configure routing and reverse DNS delegation for you. I'm not sure if Tardis ought to be part of the Uni address space or whether they should get their own /48 (64K subnets with 48-bit host addresses - that should be plenty).
George Ross also added:
We haven't tried any IPv6 at all within Informatics, or even really looked at it. I think we'd want to before we got it turned on on any of our EdLAN interfaces.
Manually-configured IPv6 tunnels
JANET provides an experimental IPv6 service which lets sites create a 6in4 tunnel to the JANET core. This is probably the most preferable option at the moment since it would mean Tardis would be allocated an IPv6 address out of the JANET IPv6 space (2001:0630::/32). Tunnels are manually configured so all requests have to be made to the JANET Technical Administration Group.
6to4 tunnels and 6to4 relay
An alternative to a manual tunnel is the semi-automatic 6to4 protocol which allocates a IPv6 address based on the public IPv4 address (in the 2002::/16 range). The disadvantage of this method is that while it allows 6to4 hosts to communicate quite effectively there is no way to contact the native IPv6 network. Hence you need to use a 6to4 relay to connect to the native IPv6 network. JANET provides a relay at 184.108.40.206 for hosts on the JANET network.
You can specify reverse DNS servers for a 6to4 network just by visiting NRO 6to4reverse form and entering the details.
IPv6 tunnel broker/server
The final way is to use a broker service to connect. While this method is relatively easy to set up (See the JANET Broker Service) and has the advantage of being able to use both IPv6-over-IPv4 tunnels and IPv6-over-UDP tunnels (which can get around some firewall/NAT issues) it's more designed for end users connectivity. For more permanent connections one of the other methods is preferred.
At the moment we are using 6to4 with the external router IP address of ace (220.127.116.11) meaning that it is allocated the network range 2002:81d7:a0ab::/48. Tardis' name servers have been specified at NRO so reverse DNS should work on these addresses (b.a.0.a.7.d.18.104.22.168.0.2.ip6.arpa).
The external network is allocated 2002:81d7:a0ab:0::/64. This network basically consists of just ace's external interface (eth0) at 2002:81d7:a0ab::1 and exists mainly for routing purposes.
The internal network is allocated 2002:81d7:a0ab:1::/64 with the gateway being ace's internal interface (eth1.3) at 2002:81d7:a0ab:1::1.
To assign an IP to a host just edit /etc/network/interfaces and add:
iface eth0 inet6 static address 2002:81d7:a0ab:1::<SOMETHING> netmask 64 gateway 2002:81d7:a0ab:1::1
Like IPv4 traffic IPv6 traffic is filtered. At the moment the only ICMPv6 and SSH to the shell hosts are routed (see the tardis-IPv6firewall script). Other services may be added on request.