Difference between revisions of "LDAP"
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Revision as of 03:16, 24 February 2013
Tardis quite likes LDAP.
I found this guide to be very useful as it lists answers to the debconf questions. The only difference between the recommended configuration and tardis' is that "Local crypt to use when changing passwords." should be 'exop'.
Getting user information from LDAP
libnss-ldap package handles fetching account information from LDAP.
Also make sure that
nscd is installed, otherwise bad things may happen.
libnss-ldap where to look, you need to edit
/etc/libnss-ldap.conf. At the very least, you'll need to
give the host and base (
To tell libc to use
libnss-ldap, you need to amend the appropriate lines in
passwd: files ldap group: files ldap shadow: files ldap
The other databases are best left alone; we don't bother putting host information or such like in LDAP because we don't see much benefit.
getent program is useful for testing.
Authenticating with LDAP
libpam-ldap package is used for authentication against LDAP. You need to configure
/etc/pam_ldap.conf along the same lines as
/etc/libnss_ldap.conf. A typical example is:
host piper base dc=tardis,dc=ed,dc=ac,dc=uk rootbinddn cn=admin,dc=tardis,dc=ed,dc=ac,dc=uk ldap_version 3 # NSS lookups need to be restricted to the appropriate parts of the tree. # If other lookups are added to /etc/nsswitch.conf, they need to be put # here too. nss_base_passwd ou=People,dc=tardis,dc=ed,dc=ac,dc=uk nss_base_group ou=Group,dc=tardis,dc=ed,dc=ac,dc=uk nss_base_shadow ou=People,dc=tardis,dc=ed,dc=ac,dc=uk # Use funky generic LDAP password changing. pam_password exop
PAM needs to be told to use
libpam-ldap, as well as the normal authentication for
# ** Use trick from /usr/share/doc/libpam-ldap/README.Debian # auth [success=1 default=ignore] pam_unix.so nullok_secure auth required pam_ldap.so use_first_pass auth required pam_permit.so
use_first_pass option. Without it logins will ask for a password for pam_unix, then one for pam_ldap, and so on, causing every other attempt to enter your password to fail even when you get it right. You need to set up
/etc/pam.d/common-account in the same way.
For Red Hat-based Distros
This guide was tested with Fedora Server 21 (on Valiant).
- Run `authconfig-tui` (if not installed, `yum install -y authconfig`
- Check 'Use LDAP' and 'Use LDAP Authentication'. Make sure 'Local authorization is sufficient' is also checked.
- Leave `Use TLS` unchecked.
- Set server to `ldap://ldap/`
- Set Base DN to `dc=tardis,dc=ed,dc=ac,dc=uk`
To add someone to a group in LDAP:
bung@gallifrey:/$ ldapvi -D 'cn=admin,dc=tardis,dc=ed,dc=ac,dc=uk' -b 'ou=Group,dc=tardis,dc=ed,dc=ac,dc=uk' '(cn=admin)'
(Ask me about the password. --Bung 15:05, 3 January 2006 (GMT))
Add the new entry appropriately, e.g.
Quit the editor, say 'y' to the prompt, and you've volunteered a whole new era of Tardis adminning!
In the case of admin, you'll want to change their default group from student to assistant:
bung@gallifrey:/$ ldapvi -D 'cn=admin,dc=tardis,dc=ed,dc=ac,dc=uk' -b '(uid=bob)'
To search for a specific user in LDAP (this seemed to work):
ldapsearch -D 'cn=admin,dc=tardis,dc=ed,dc=ac,dc=uk' -b 'dc=tardis,dc=ed,dc=ac,dc=uk' -W "(uid=username)"
(You can also ask me for the LDAP password --Hayden 24/02/13)